For information about the role of women in marine science please see the message below:
Below is the ToC for a special issue of the journal Marine and Freshwater Research on Women in Marine Science. The editorial, entitled “Women in Marine Science in Australia” is accessible at http://www.publish.csiro.au/MF/pdf/MFv70n7_ED and explains the reasons for the special issue, and a snapshot of women involved with professional marine science societies in Australia, which I thought may be of interest to SWS members.
If you wish to contact the guest editors a contact address is provided in the editorial.
The guest editors have placed the special issue within the context of several initiatives to encourage more women to engage in science, and to provide some examples of the type of research that is being led by women researchers. While they focussed on Australia the conceptualisation and the individual papers should resonate more widely.
Best wishes, Max Finlayson
Editor-in-chief, Marine & Freshwater Research
From: CSIRO PUBLISHING [mailtoublishing.journalAlerts@csiro.au]
Sent: Friday, 7 June 2019 11:57
Subject: Marine and Freshwater Research Volume 70(7)
Email Alert | 7 June 2019
Volume 70(7) 2019
Welcome to the latest contents alert for Marine and Freshwater Research.
This special issue has contributions led by women researchers in marine science in Australia and coincides with the Women in STEM decadal plan recently released by the Australian Academy of Science. The contributions span a diversity of fields within marine science and come from women across all career stages. Australia has a strong history of women's involvement in marine science and some of these contributions are highlighted. Through recognising, showcasing and celebrating the contributions of women in science we hope to encourage greater participation by women in science thereby creating future opportunities.
To view articles that have been published Online Early before they have been collated into an issue, visit the Journal's website. Alternatively, subscribe to its RSS feed to be alerted when new articles are published.
Special Issue: Women in Marine Science
Women in marine science in Australia
Bronwyn M. Gillanders and Michelle R. Heupel
| PDF (163 KB)
Advances in understanding the roles and benefits of nursery areas for elasmobranch populations
Michelle R. Heupel, Shiori Kanno, Ana P. B. Martins and Colin A. Simpfendorfer
Many marine species use nursery areas to improve survival of young. A 2007 paper outlined how to define shark nurseries; here we examine how that definition has been applied and outline existing knowledge gaps. Current research is biased to tropical sharks, with few studies of temperate, pelagic, deep-water or ray species. Although there has been great progress, there is still much to learn about shark and ray nursery use.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (248 KB)
Evolution of placentotrophy: using viviparous sharks as a model to understand vertebrate placental evolution
Alice L. Buddle, James U. Van Dyke, Michael B. Thompson, Colin A. Simpfendorfer and Camilla M. Whittington
Live-bearing reproduction provides developing embryos with the opportunity to receive maternal nutrients during pregnancy, in addition to the yolk. In some sharks, this transfer of nutrients is achieved by a placenta. Herein we consider the adaptive significance and evolution of the placenta in sharks. We recommend sharks as important models to investigate the evolution of vertebrate pregnancy and modes of fetal nutrition.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (580 KB)
From research to end-users, tracing the path of ocean observations in Australia
Ana Lara-Lopez, Indi Hodgson-Johnston, Madeleine Cahill, Sebastien Mancini, Peter Blain and Tim Moltmann
This paper is an overview of how marine observations collected by the Integrated Marine Observing System are delivered and used by the Australian community. Users of marine observations include marine scientists, industry, government and the community in general. The paper demonstrates the value of ocean observations and the need to make the data available and accessible in order for their potential to be reached.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (452 KB)
Restoring subtidal marine macrophytes in the Anthropocene: trajectories and future-proofing
G. Wood, E. M. Marzinelli, M. A. Coleman, A. H. Campbell, N. S. Santini, L. Kajlich, J. Verdura, J. Wodak, P. D. Steinberg and A. Vergés
This article highlights how new approaches to restoration can be applied to marine macrophytes like seagrasses and seaweeds, with a strong focus on incorporating the effects of a rapidly changing environment. Emerging scientific techniques to future-proof restoration are discussed. Finally, changes to managerial, political and public frameworks needed to support scientific innovation and restoration applications at scale are highlighted.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (601 KB)
Principles and practice of acquiring drone-based image data in marine environments
K. E. Joyce, S. Duce, S. M. Leahy, J. Leon and S. W. Maier
With almost limitless applications across marine and freshwater environments, the number of people using, and wanting to use, drones is rapidly increasing. However, what appears simple at first glance can often become complicated when quantitative data collection is required. In this paper we provide a practical guide to drone-based data acquisition considerations, particularly in marine and freshwater environments.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (1.4 MB)
Assessment of genetic structure among Australian east coast populations of snapper Chrysophrys auratus (Sparidae)
Jess A. T. Morgan, Wayne D. Sumpton, Andrew T. Jones, Alexander B. Campbell, John Stewart, Paul Hamer and Jennifer R. Ovenden
Microsatellite markers determine the stock structure of Australian east coast snapper Chrysophrys auratus. Two genetic stocks exist between Rockhampton and Geelong, with a region of overlap around Eden on the New South Wales south coast. The transition zone has shifted 400 km south in 20 years from a disjunct identified in the 1990s using allozyme data.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (653 KB) Open Access Article
Genetic differentiation between estuarine and open coast ecotypes of a dominant ecosystem engineer
M. A. Coleman, J. S. Clark, M. A. Doblin, M. J. Bishop and B. P. Kelaher
Intertidal shores throughout Australia and New Zealand are dominated by the seaweed Hormosira banksia, which also occurs as a morphologically distinct, free-living ecotype in estuaries. We show strong genetic structure between estuarine and open coast populations and evidence of clonality in estuarine populations. Understanding genetic patterns in this important ecosystem engineer will enhance our ability to manage, conserve and restore this key species into the future.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (674 KB)
Population genetic analyses reveal female reproductive philopatry in the oviparous Port Jackson shark
Joanna Day, Jennalee A. Clark, Jane E. Williamson, Culum Brown and Michael Gillings
This study investigated the genetic population structure of the Port Jackson shark, a species endemic to the southern half of Australia. Our results indicate that the Jervis Bay and Sydney breeding aggregations are genetically distinct, with females displaying high levels of reproductive philopatry. This is the first study to detect reproductive philopatry in an egg-laying shark species.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (292 KB)
Variability in egg and jelly-coat size and their contribution to target size for spermatozoa: a review for the Echinodermata
Dione J. Deaker, Shawna A. Foo and Maria Byrne
Echinoderms, sea urchins and starfish, have eggs that vary in size and are surrounded by a jelly coat that chemically attracts spermatozoa. We show the important contribution of the jelly coat for egg target size for spermatozoa, a key feature to understanding fertilisation in the sea.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (460 KB)
Novel multimarker comparisons address the genetic population structure of silvertip sharks (Carcharhinus albimarginatus)
M. E. Green, S. A. Appleyard, W. White, S. Tracey, F. Devloo-Delva and J. R. Ovenden
This study identified patterns of genetic population structure for silver tip sharks between three locations in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. No connectivity was observed across the Indian Ocean, but connectivity between Australia and Papua New Guinea is likely. The findings indicate that silvertip sharks are unlikely to transverse wide ocean basins but may have large home ranges along connected reef systems, within which movement is extensive.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (524 KB)
Distribution of Palinuridae and Scyllaridae phyllosoma larvae within the East Australian Current: a climate change hot spot
Laura N. Woodings, Nicholas P. Murphy, Andrew Jeffs, Iain M. Suthers, Geoffrey W. Liggins and Jan M. Strugnell
Many marine species are predicted to shift their ranges poleward in response to environmental changes driven by climate change. We used DNA barcoding to identify lobster larvae in south-east Australia, examining their distribution and poleward dispersal from nearest adult populations. Tropical lobster larvae reached temperate regions, providing the opportunity for settlement of these species in temperate regions under favourable environmental conditions.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (557 KB)
Size, depth and position affect the diversity and structure of rock pool communities in an urban estuary
Nina Schaefer, Katherine A. Dafforn, Emma L. Johnston and Mariana Mayer-Pinto
We investigated the effect of physical parameters of rock pools on their diversity at locations with varying environmental conditions in Sydney Harbour. The maximum width and depth of pools, as well as their volume and height on shore, affected diversity, but this varied among locations. The results suggest that the local species pool and environmental conditions are important drivers of diversity in rock pools.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF (700 KB)
Corrigendum to: Size, depth and position affect the diversity and structure of rock pool communities in an urban estuary
Nina Schaefer, Katherine A. Dafforn, Emma L. Johnston and Mariana Mayer-Pinto
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